How can termites be controlled?

   

Termite Management Process

The Baiting Concept

Eliminating active termites from a building

Preventing termites attacking a building

Termite Management Process

There are two stages to a termite treatment;

Step 1: Eliminate termites actively attacking a property

Step 2: Prevent termite re-infestation by installing a termite management system

Before accepting any treatment, your pest professional should discuss with you the various treatment options available.  Depending on the termite species present, construction design and soil type (as well as personal preferences of the pest professional and homeowner), the recommended treatment will vary.  Before any treatment is carried out a full inspection of the property is required to determine (amongst other things) the species present, the entry points into the building and an estimate of the level of damage.  All of which may impact on the recommended control strategy.

 
The Baiting Concept

Termite baiting systems utilise the natural behaviour of termites. After eating wood at the feeding sites, worker termites return to the nest to feed the queen, nymphs and younger workers through trophallaxis (regurgitating food or through secretion from their anus). It is this behaviour that is utilised by baiting systems to control the colony. Worker termites preferentially feed on the highly attractive cellulose baits that are placed at the feeding sites.  They then take the bait containing a slow acting insecticide back to the nest feeding it to the queen and other termites, ensuring the death of the colony.

Baiting systems use slow acting insecticides called Chitin Synthesis Inhibitors (CSIs). These CSIs prevent the formation of chitin, a carbohydrate found in the cuticles of insects.  Most termites moult on regular basis.  (Moulting is the process by which they shed their cuticle or "skin" allowing them to grow).  If termites have injested a CSI they cannot make a new cuticle and when they try and moult, they die.  CSIs also stop the Queen laying viable eggs.

Over a period of weeks the termites die (depending on when an individual termite moults). At a certainly point the colony goes into terminal decline, as there are no longer enough termites to maintain the nest, resulting in the death of the queen and the colony. This process may take several weeks to several months depending on the species and the time of year.

In addition to the performance benefit provided by baiting systems in actually eliminating the colony, they have a great safety and environmental profile. CSI only target insects and are used in very low doses.... a smart, targeted system posing little risk to your family and pests.

 

Step 1: Eliminating Active Termites

If you have termites attacking your home you want them gone, quickly and permanently. Traditional products like dusts, foams and sprays may appear to work quicker than baits.  However, they only kill the termites they touch, and are unlikely to kill the colony...... meaning the termites could return!

In contrast, termite baits are specifically designed to kill the whole termite colony, giving you the confidence that the termites have been eliminated from your home.

Termite baits are placed at feeding sites in the structure and are monitored until elimination has been confirmed.

Step 2: Preventing termites attacking your home

Traditional termite protection involves mixing large quantities of insecticide into the soil around and under your home.  For many this is not considered environmentally smart and these treatments are not designed to kill the termite colony – they only kill termites that come into contact with the treatment.  Furthermore, if you are hit by heavy rains or floods, then a completely new application may be necessary!

In contrast, termite monitoring systems don’t contain any insecticide and are not affected by the weather. They contain wood and are designed to be inspected regularly to monitor for termite activity.  On finding activity, bait is added to the stations to kill the termites and eliminate the nest, reducing the termite pressure on your property and keeping your home termite free.